Painting requires a careful application of distinct colours in specific proportions and tones to get a beautiful artwork. A painter who pours in all his colours (red-green-blue-black-yellow) inside one single bucket before painting cannot expect a meaningful painting. You cannot paint well without understanding and respecting the distinction between the colours. Also, without distinguishing people according to their potentials, they may never develop their unique qualities nor obtain fulfilment. Without distinction, there may be no room for individual initiatives and improvement, and without individual initiatives there cannot be progress.
Critiques oppose country’s efforts to disallow influx of immigrants or efforts to scrutinize potential immigrants and allies. These critiques preach that humans are the same and must be accommodated especially in more organized societies, without ‘discriminatory’ scrutiny. Many people have died while passing through dangerous deserts and seas in order to immigrate to more prosperous countries. And the more organized countries’ efforts to weigh their security and economic concerns before accepting immigrants are criticised as discrimination. Yet, without considering the potentials of immigrants, countries expose themselves to security or economic challenges, which may bring social disorder.
Progressive societies are formed by the people’s agreement to collaborate in using their resources to satisfy their different needs. Hence, they organize their societies for each person to develop and apply their strength in the society’s security and progress. While majority of the people focus on material production, others are charged with either social administration or security. In such societies, each member of the society is valued as a stakeholder and contributing element to the society.
Why do countries admit other people?
Despite the people’s success in sustaining their society, they still require other people’s services for what they lack or desire. These include raw materials and skilled labour (human resources) for industrial productivity, security and marketing their products. Thus, different countries primarily admit people into their countries according to the people’s capacity to contribute to their country. By admitting more skilful or influential people to their countries’ productivity, their countries’ desirability increases, causing other countries to seek entry.
Why do people seek to emigrate to prosperous countries?
People seek entry into other countries for several reasons which include:
- Pleasure factors: to share in a countries’ prosperity. Many entry-seekers simply wish to enjoy the serenity and prosperity of the countries whose entry they seek. Among other things to be enjoyed are human rights, religious freedom, lucrative jobs, safety and other resident/citizen’s benefits.
- Self-development factors: to get better forms of education and job experiences, or to learn new languages and acquire better qualifications and skills.
- Survival factors: to escape poverty, famine, war, persecution, unemployment, natural disasters or climate change in the home countries.
The survival factors are often urgent and morally binding on prosperous societies to accommodate the entry-seekers, even as humanitarian assistance. Because of the urgency of the survival factors, critiques insist that prosperous countries should be more humane to receive immigrants. Some critiques insist that developed countries contribute to the ugly situations in those countries through exploitative globalization. Thus, the developed countries have a moral duty to integrate entry-seekers, especially from different countries affected by their global exploitation.
Why do some people deny entry-seekers entry into their countries?
- Fear of economic burden/parasites: prosperous societies spend a lot of resources in creating and sustaining comfortable environment for their citizens. Accommodating people who would not contribute to increasing or sustaining the facilities may weigh on their limited resources. And since migration is heavily influenced by search for pleasure, prosperous societies are cautious of parasitic pleasure-seekers. This is why migrants with skills and high intelligent quotient are easily preferred.
- Fear of crimes and social disorder: sustaining a prosperous society requires educating citizens to be productive and law-abiding. Accommodating people who may not have been trained to observe a country’s laws may lead to crime and social disorder. Hence, prosperous countries are cautious to make proper distinction of behavioural tendencies before accepting immigrants.
- Fear of terrorism as revenge for exploitative-globalization: many developed countries exploit the disorganized and underdeveloped societies through the distorted trade-system. Through foreign policies, many developed countries support tyrannical and imperially-imposed political structures for exploiting different peoples’ mineral resources. These structural exploitations occur mostly in the globe’s southern hemispheres, especially Africa and the Middle East. While the short-sighted natives fight one another, the radicalized natives penetrate the developed societies for terrorist revenge. Hence, prosperous countries blacklist people from aggrieved societies for fear of their terrorist response to global exploitation.
Securing a country from economic parasites, aggrieved people or totally misguided elements requires sincerity in recognizing the causes of emigration. For you cannot confiscate a child’s food and forbid him from desperately searching for food. The desperate mass emigration shows a high level of global injustice that cannot be solved by accepting every intending immigrant. The post-colonial effects on most underdeveloped countries sprung from forcefully merging unconsented peoples as nations in a divide-and-rule scheme. As the different unconsented peoples struggle to control the colonially-made offices, the imperialists supply them guns in exchange for mineral-resources. So, while the combating and underdeveloped societies remain unproductive, hungry and poor, the developed countries obtain their resources for production.
Developed countries who TRULY wish to reduce the moral pressure for not accommodating immigrants may take the following steps:
- First, evaluate their foreign policies to acknowledge how their countries have directly or indirectly supported global exploitation through imperially-distorted political structures.
- Second, reduce the exploitation, apologize and support the exploited peoples to reorganise their societies according to historical boundaries and values. The reorganization will lead to collaborative productivity between the combating peoples that have been forcefully yoked together as nations.
- Third, barricade and properly secure your borders against illegal entries and invasions.
- Fourth, train and equip your people to collectively sustain and defend their society.
- Finally, properly evaluate the economic and security potentials of all intending immigrants before allowing them into the country.
Without freedom from exploitation, a country may not have the moral authority to reject immigrants from countries affected by their foreign policies.
Underdeveloped countries who wish to control their citizens’ desperation to emigrate may take the following steps:
- Conduct a social research to make proper distinctions between the different colonially-bound peoples and their respective lands and resources, instead of holding to the colonial idea of an alien government ownership of all lands and resources.
- Pay credible scientists to teach their people how to process their local resources for onward production by advanced manufacturers.
- Enable negotiations between the different peoples on their mode of exchanging their processed or semi-processed resources and specialized labour.
- Agree on a benchmark for internal democracy within the different groups in their countries, before agreeing on preferred political structure for a productive partnership.
- Release the people’s onshore resources for industrial productivity and tax-payment to the central governments. This will motivate the government to encourage and protect people’s productivity for better tax-returns. A wealth-creating people with active industries will eagerly sustain a desirable society and collaborate for proper military defence.
Though the post-colonial rulers of underdeveloped countries respond to the economic demands of the colonizers, they are still autonomous beings. And they can still choose to respect the different people colonially bound up in a notorious commonwealth exploitation.
 Cf. Aristotle, Politics, Book 1, part 1
 A. M. Babu, Postscript of How Europe underdeveloped Africa, 2009 Edition (Abuja: Panaf press, 2009), p.349 Dar es Salam, Tanzania, December 1971.
 Cf. Walter Rodney, How Europe underdeveloped Africa, 2009 Edition (Abuja: Panaf press, 2009), p.319
 Chukwunwike Enekwechi, “Social effects of productivity for every society” in Restartnaija, 1st January, 2019. https://restartnaija.com/2019/01/01/social-effects-of-productivity-for-every-society/
 Chukwunwike Enekwechi, “The social research for a new Nigeria” in Restartnaija June 5, 2018. https://restartnaija.com/2018/06/05/social-research-new-consented-nigeria/ retrieved 22nd July, 2018.